1 A Tale of Two Citites
- Behind close doors in the homes of the people, voices spoken in
whispers against the King and his noblemen[ˈnəʊblmən]; they were
only whispers, but they were the angry whispers of desperate
- Nobody argued with Miss Pross if they could avoid[əˈvɔɪd] it.
- Serval villagers, in poor thin clothes, with thin hugry faces, were
standing in the village square[skweər].
- I passed you on the road just outside the village, You were looking
at my coach in a very strange way. Why was that?
- The man who was holding on under your coach.
- But in the hour of my death, it will be a happy memory for me that
my last words of love were to you.
- Tellson’s Bank, which the French emigrants used, had become a meeting-place where they could
hear and talk about the latest news from France.
- One evening, looking out of the window, he saw that a large grindstone[ˈɡraɪndstəʊn] had been brought into the square below.
- We have known many wives and mothers, And we have seen many husbands
and fathers put in prison, for many years. What is one more, among so
- Fifteen prisoners were called before Darnay that
day, and in no more than an hour and a half, all of them had been condemn[kənˈdem]ed to death.
- He’s just a crazy young peasant[ˈpez(ə)nt]. He came here
shouting about revenge , and made my brother fight him.
- I’ve changed places with him. You can say that it was so much for
him, saying his last goodbye to his friend. That happens quite often, I
- The supposed[səˈpəʊzd; səˈpəʊzɪd] Evremonde helps the
young girl down from the cart.
2 Gulliver’s Travels
- But I always wanted to travel, and so I made several voyages as a ship’s doctor.
- By now I was extremely hungry, so I used sign language to beg the
official for food.
- One day the King invited me to watch the regular entertainments,
which are greatly enjoyed by him, his family, and his lords and
- I knew that just beyond[bɪˈjɒnd] the narrow sea separating the
two countries there were at least fifty warships ready to attack us,
with many other smaller ships.
- Perhaps I was wrong, but I could not see that the King was being
kind and generous in ordering such an inhuman punishment.
- When the King saw me, he thought at first that I must be a mechanical[məˈkænɪkl] toy.
- The worst problem I had at the palace was the Queen’s dwarf[dwɔːf]. Until I arrived, he had always been the smallest
person in the country.
- Borbdingnag is quite a large country, joined on to
northwest America, but separated from the rest of America by high
- Do rich men never buy their way into this House? You say the
lawmakers receive no pay, but are you sure that they never accept bribe[braɪb]s.
- Perhaps once, in the past, your political life was adequately[ˈædɪkwətli] organized, but now it is clear that there is
laziness and selfishness in every part of the system.
- You can use it to shoot heavy balls of metal from large guns.
- I can only suppose that a large bird took hold of the ring on top of
the box with his talons, and flew away with it.
- It is moved by a simple machine which uses magnet[ˈmæɡnət]s to
pull the island closer to land or push it higher into the sky.
- It’s only thirty years until the next falling star comes this way,
and the earth was very nearly destroyed by the last one!
- After that we’re only supposed to have bread and water for three
days, while the information moves upwards to our heads.
- He neigh[neɪ]ed several times in a very intelligent,
gentle way, and I almost wondered if he was speaking in his own
- I try to accept my countrymen now, but the pround ones, who are so
full of their own self-importance – well, they had better not come near
- I was stupid to think that I could bring reason and truth into their
lives and thoughts.
3 Treasure Island
- I remember so clearly the day when the old seaman[ˈsiːmən]
came to stay – I can almost see him in front of me as I write.
- He arrived with his sea-chest[tʃest], a tall, strong man
with a cut across one cheek.
- All day he walked around the cove[kəʊv], or up on the
cliffs; all evening he sat in a corner of the room, and drank rum and
- The captain swore[swɔː(r)] softly, then said, “Silence!”
- If you keep on drinking rum, the world will soon be free of a dirty
- They’ll have the black spot[spɒt] on me by then. They’ll
come for me.
- It was slow work to find the English gold guinea[ˈɡɪni]s
that we needed.
- Johnny, Black Dog!You won’t leave your old friend Pew[pjuː],boys – not old Pew!
- Inside,everything was smashed[smæʃt] and broken.
- Of course Flint[flɪnt] had money! Those scoundrels were
- Hawkins[ˈhɔːkɪnz] can come as cabin-boy, You, Livesey, are the ship’s doctor.I am [admiral].
- Between Silver and myself, we got together a crew of the tough[tʌf]est seamen you can image.
- First of all, the men are putting the powder and weapons in the
front of the ship. Now , you have a good place under the cabin. Why not
put them there?
- The men did as they pleased with him, and after a day or two at sea,
he began to drink too much.
- He kept his parrot[ˈpærət] in cage, in the corner. I call him
Captain Flint, after the famous pirate.
- No ship’s company was ever so well looked after, with plenty to eat
and drink; and a barrel of apples open for any man to take one.
- Captain Smollett gave orders, and the Hispaniola[,hispən'jəulə] turned so that the ship would sail just clear of
the island on the east.
- Those three hills we can see are on the big island, They’re in a row
running south – the biggest is called Spyglass[ˈspaɪɡlɑːs].
- Let’s allow them an afternoon on shore. If they all go, we’ll have
the ship. If someone go, Silver will bring them back as gentle as
- Why let yourself be led away with that kind of scoundrel?I’d rather
die than –
- As soon as I was clear of the trees,I begin to run as I had never
- Were you shipwrecked?No my friend, Marooned[məˈruːnd].
- They’re inside the stockade[stɒˈkeɪd] that Flint made years
- There I saw the Hispaniola in the bay – but the Jolly Roger was flying over her!
- The men chose me to be captain after you deserted the ship.
- Perhaps that’s why I’m here now. But you won’t do it again, by
- The pirates did not return, and we had time to take care of the wounded[ˈwuːndɪd]. Out of the eight men who fell in the fight, only
three still breathed. One pirate, Hunter, and Captain, Smollet; and of
these, the first two were nearly dead.
- The sun was still hidden behind Spyglass Hill, which came down to
the sea in dangerous cliffs on this side of the island. It was no place
to row ashore[əˈʃɔː(r)], or I wound be killed on the rocks.
- Suddenly, I was on the top of one wave as she came thundering over
the next. And there she was, almost upon me!
- ‘I expect you’ll want to go ashore now. Suppose we talk about it.’
There was some colour back in his cheeks but he looked very sick.
- But then, with a sudden movement, his hand went back and something
went speeding through the air. I felt a sharp pain, and I was pinned to
the mast[mɑːst] by my shoulder.
- I turned to run, crashed violently against one person , then ran
straight into the arms of another.
- So we bargain[ˈbɑːɡən]ed, and here we are, in the house.
- Next, this boy. Well, we’ll use him to bargain with. He might be our
- The men’s anger exploded after the doctor left the house, and they
accused Silver of trying to make a separate peace for himself.
- The cross was too large to be of much help, and the words on the
back of the map were no better.
- There was an echo[ˈekəʊ], and no man ever saw a ghost with a
shadow, so why should a ghost’s voice have an echo?It’s not
- The doctor smash[smæʃ]ed one with an axe, and then we all
got into the other and rowed to North Inlet.
4 Black Beauty
- Whenever she saw him at the gate, she trot[trɒt]ted across.
He used to pat her and say, “Well , old Pet, and how is
you little Darkie[ˈdɑːki]?”
- To train a horse is to teach him to wear a saddle[ˈsædl],
and to carry a man , woman or child on his back. The horse must also
learn to wear a collar[ˈkɒlə(r)], and to stand still when it is put
on; then to have a carriage fixed behind him, and to go fast or slow,
whichever his driver wishes.
- Like all horses that have grown up, I had to wear a bit[bɪt] and bridle[ˈbraɪd(ə)l].
- It is held there by strap[stræp]s which go over the horse’s
head, under his neck, round his nose and under his chin[tʃɪn].
Reins, which the rider holds, are fastened to each end of
- Then he took me to the village where a man fixed metal shoes on to
- First, a heavy collar on my neck, and a bridle with great side
pieces against my eyes, called blinkers.
- We went into the Park through a large gate, then trotted along a
smooth road between some trees to the house and gardens. Beyond this
were the stables.
- The first stall[stɔːl] was called a loose[luːs]
box, werhe a horse is not tied up all the time but is free to move
around as he likes . It is a great thing to have a loose box.The groom[ɡruːm] put me into it and gave me some oat[əʊt]s.
- A horse’s head looked over from the stall beyond. It was a tall
brown mare, and she did not look pleased.
- He’s fast, but the lightest touch of the rein will
- But then we were sold to a man in London who drove us with a bearing[ˈbeərɪŋ] rein.—— a rein to hold our heads up unnaturally high
and to keep them there, for hours and hours, until the pain was
- James brought Merrylegs in and said, “Now, behave yourself”
- Mr Gordon was never curel, and he would not stand by and watch
others be cruel to animals.
- As he got to the Park gates, the pony turned towards them.
- “He’s too fond of going his own way!” he told my master. “He’s not
supposed to turn in through your gates; the road is straight on.”
- Men may be clever enough to think of things for themselves, but
animals know things without thinking , and that’s often saved a man’s
life, as it has ours tonight.
- It was a bad place to jump, wasn’t it?A man’s life and a horse’s
life are worth more than a hare – or they should be!
- I’m leaving a lot behind, My mother, and you, a good master and
mistress, and the horses.
- Mr York was a good-looking man of about forty, with a voice that
expected to be obeyed[əˈbeɪ].
- The bearing rein annoyed me but did not pull my head any higher than
I was used to carrying it.
- She’s too easily frightened for a lady to ride.
- I gave a loud neigh[neɪ] for help and made a noise with my
feet until Mr Blantyre came running out of the doctor’s
- For about two kilometres the road was straight, then it turned to
the right before becoming two roads.
- No wonder he went down, riding over these stones without a
- I was sent to a horse fair[feə(r)] – a place where hundreds
of horses were bought and sold, and more lies were told, I think, than
in any other place in the country.
- It always made him angry when people wanted him to drive hard
because of their own lateness[ˈleɪtnəs].
- The horse was brown, with bones that showed through her coat.
5 The Scarlet Letter
- It was the captial letter A. It was a wonderful piece of needlework[ˈniːdlwɜːk], with patterns of gold thread[θred]
around the letter,but the material was now worn[wɔːn] thin with
- If we good, sensible, church-going women could judge this Hester[ˈhestə(r)] Prynne. And would we give her the
same light punishment that the magistrate[ˈmædʒɪstreɪt]s give her?
- On the bosom[ˈbʊzəm] of her dress, in fine red cloth and
surrounded with fantastic pattern[ˈpæt(ə)n]s of gold thread, was
the letter A.
- Here，criminals met their death before the eyes of the townspeople,
but the scaffold[ˈskæfəʊld] platform was also used as a place of
shame, where those who had done wrong in the eyes of God were made to
stand and show their shameful[ˈʃeɪmfl] faces to the world.
- The shame of Hester Prynne’s sin was felt deeply by
young and old throughout the town.
- She is obviously guilty of adultery[əˈdʌltəri], and the usual
punishment for adultery is death.
- If I wanted revenge, then what more could I ask for than to let you
live – and suffer, under the shadow of this shame?
- She watched, trembling as the man she had wrong[rɒŋ]ed
pulled up a chair and sat beside her.
- How could I have imaged, the day that I married you, that you would
ever love me? How could a man of books and learning be so stupid?
- I shall watch him tremble, and I will feel myself tremble with him.
But don’t be afraid. I won’t hurt him, or harm his position in the town
if he is an important man here. Nor shall I inform the law.
- Do not fail in this, Hester! Remember , his good name, his position
, his life will be in my hands!
- The Puritans of that time were hard judges, and a
woman who had sinned as Hester had sinned was always an outsider[ˌaʊtˈsaɪdə(r)]. Every word, every look ,every cold , accusing[əˈkjuːzɪŋ] silece reminded her of the shame and the lonely
misery of her life.
- It is better to pray for an answer to that question, than to try to
guess. Better still to leave it a mystery, so that every good and godly[ˈɡɒdli] man can show a father’s kindness towards the poor fatherless[ˈfɑːðələs] child.
- There were new , darker arrangement[əˈreɪndʒmənt]s to make; new ,
secret things to do with his time.
- I would be happy to leave behind my work, my worries and my sins and
be buried in my grave.
- But no secret, however much Chillingworth suspected
there was one, ever came out of their discussions.
- As the months and years went by, the change in Roger Chillingworth
grew greater. He had begun with the calmness[ˈkɑːmnəs] of a judge,
wanting only to know the truth. But as he continued, the need to know
burned in him like a fever, and he dug into the priest’s soul, like a
man searching for gold.
- But is Hester Prynne more , or less, miserable than people who keep
their sinfulness[ˈsɪnflnəs] hidden.
- Only God can save a man whose sickness is a sickness of the soul!
Let him do with me what he will! But who are you to involve yourself in
this matter? Who are you to stand between a sufferer[ˈsʌfərə(r)] and
- But look how his passion takes hold of him! He has done a wild thing
before now, this godly Mr Dimmesdale, in the hot passion[ˈpæʃ(ə)n] of his heart.
- After a short pause, he turns away, but with what a wild look of wonder[ˈwʌndə(r)], joy and horror!
- The priest’s guilty sadness was a weapon in his merciless[ˈmɜːsɪləs] hands. Every day he played, like a cat with a
mouse, with the fear and the shame lying hidden in the young man’s
- Before he had finished speaking, a light appeared, far and wide in
the night sky. It was almost certainly caused by a meteor[ˈmiːtiə(r); ˈmiːtiɔː(r)], and it lit up the whole street like day.
- While they spoke, Hester had been watching him closely and was full
of wonder[ˈwʌndə(r)] at the change she saw in him.
- What should she say? The truth? No! If that was the price of the
child’s understanding, she could not pay it.
- You have the friend that you wish for; someone to cry with you over
your sin. You have me, your partner[ˈpɑːtnə(r)] in sin.
- He has a secret nature[ˈneɪtʃə(r)], and I think he will. But he
will doubtless[ˈdaʊtləs] find other ways to take his revenge.
- If there nothing beyond this town? Walk a few miles from here, and
the yellow leaves will show no sign of a white man’s feet. There you can
- You’ll be beyond Roger Chillingworth there.
- It is a terrible thing to say, but I have often been afraid that
others would see a likeness[ˈlaɪknəs] to me in her face, and
- In a little while I will be beyond your reach! I will be free, and
the scarlet letter of shame, which has burned on my bosom for seven
years, will lie for ever at the bottom of the sea!
- The Dark One knows those who have signed their names in his
- There was a sadness too, not in the words themselves but in the way
he spoken them. A sadness of someone who is about to die.
- Look again at Hester’s scarlet letter. With all its mysterious
horror, it is only a shadow of what is on my own bosom!
- There were various[ˈveəriəs] explanations, all of which were no
more than guesses.
- There was no mark at all on Mr Dimmesdale’s chest. Neither, they
said, had his dying words accepted any part of, or responsibility for,
Hester Prynne’s shame.
- But nothing was more extraordinary than the way old Roger
Chillingworth changed after Mr Dimmesdale’s death.
- Never again did it leave her bosom. However , in the years that
followed, it became a sign not of shame but of sadness.
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